UVA Problem 10432 – Polygon Inside A Circle Solution

UVA Problem 10432 – Polygon Inside A Circle Solution:


Click here to go to this problem in uva Online Judge.

Solving Technique:

This is a rather easy geometry / computational geometry problem. Given the radius of a Circumscribed circle and count of sides of a polygon the task is to find the area of the polygon. A Circumscribed circle is a circle that passes through all vertices of a plane figure and contains the entire figure in its interior.

The formula below can be written into a single formula by combining all the formulas. More information and the combined formula can be found here.

Learn more about regular polygon here including the formula.


Visual Explanation:

I have tried to explain the concept below using figures. They are not drawn to scale. The small circles represent intersection point between polygon vertices and the circumscribed circle.


Circumcircle figure 1
Circumcircle figure 1

Circumcircle figure 2
Circumcircle figure 2

Circumcircle figure 3
Circumcircle figure 3

Example:

It is an example with radius, r = 2 and sides, n = 8.

Circumcircle figure 4 example
Circumcircle figure 4 example

 

Important:  Be sure to add or print a new line after each output unless otherwise specified. The outputs should match exactly because sometimes even a space character causes the answer to be marked as wrong answer. Please compile with c++ compiler as some of my codes are in c and some in c++.


More Inputs of This Problem on uDebug.


Input:

2 2000
10 3000

 


Output:

12.566
314.159

Code:

/**
 * Author:    Asif Ahmed
 * Site:      https://quickgrid.wordpress.com
 * Problem:   UVA 10432 - Polygon Inside A Circle
 * Technique: circumcircle Or, Isocele Area calculation.
 */

#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<math.h>


int main(){

    //freopen("input.txt", "r", stdin);
    //freopen("output.txt", "w", stdout);


    double r;
    int n;

    while( scanf( "%lf%d", &r, &n ) == 2 ){

        // Angle between each two points for every point.
        double PHI = ( double ) 360 / n ;

        // For each Isosceles in the polygon the angle between the base and radius.
        double THETA = (double) 90 - ( PHI / 2 );


        // Convert Degree angle to Radian to use in code.
        double THETA_RADIAN = THETA * M_PI / 180;


        //  a is base.
        double a = 2 * r * cos( THETA_RADIAN );

        // H is the height.
        double h = r * sin( THETA_RADIAN );

        // S represent Area of a single segment.
        double S = (a * h) / 2;


        // S * n is the are of complete polygon.
        printf("%.3lf\n",  S * n );


    }

    return 0;
}

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